Pregnancy Precautions | Do's & Dont's During Pregnancy

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Do's & Dont's During Pregnancy

Having a child is akin to celebrating life itself and some might even say, it is the very embodiment of life itself, but before anticipating the unending joys your child will bring, you need to be well aware of how you handle your pregnancy in order to ensure the safest future for your soon to be bundle of joy. Being careful and taking measures begins right from the very beginning and must be followed right till the end, to ensure the safety of child. This article will help explain the do’s and don’ts during pregnancy that you must follow.

Do’s During Pregnancy:

  1. Take Prenatal Multivitamins – In order to conceive a healthy child, you first need to be healthy yourself and it goes without saying that a healthy diet can go a long way in ensuring the same. A diet, which constitutes of ample minerals and vitamins, will develop your immunity and keep your growing baby, healthy all the same. However, we are not talking about general vitamins that are available in stores, these are prenatal vitamins, which prevent anaemia and neural birth defects as they contain higher levels of specific nutrients like folic acid, calcium and iron. They also seem to help in dealing with morning sickness.

Consult your gynaecologist and get those prenatal vitamins. Prenatal multivitamins invariably include DHA, EPA, or both. These are basically omega-3 fats; extremely important for the baby’s proper neural development. Be careful to take a prescribed dose, as overdosing can harm the baby.

  1. Get More Than Enough Sleep Your body will be undergoing many hormonal imbalances and changes coupled with anxiety and anticipation during pregnancy, which are worst during the last trimester.
  2. You Should Definitely Try and Workout – Did you know that working out can prevent many pregnancy related complications like insomnia, mood swings, extra weight gain and even muscular pain. It is good for both the mother and child. Consult your gynaecologist and chalk-out, which exercise routine suits you best, even if you never exercised before pregnancy, you can definitely motivate yourself and start now.
  3. Consume seafood Seafood is loaded with essential vitamins and minerals, omega 3 fatty acids, zinc and iron; extremely beneficial for your baby and you. Make sure seafood is well cooked and cleaned, as raw products can carry harmful bacteria. Try and mix up an array of seafood in order to avoid getting all your minerals from one fish.
  4. Yoga – Simple yoga not ‘Bikram yoga’ is a great option in order to keep your body healthy during pregnancy. Make sure to follow some instructions or take classes.
  5. Get a flu vaccine It will protect you and your baby by keeping infections away and you will not get the flu from the vaccine, as it is not a live virus.
  6. Visit your dentist – Old myths regarding this have been dispelled, but make sure to inform your dentist about your pregnancy. It is in fact recommended that expecting moms visit their dentist to get regular cleaning and oral assessment.
  7. Gain weight the smart way Even though you’re supposed to eat for two, it doesn’t necessarily mean you eat a lot of unhealthy food as gaining too much weight too soon, will harm your baby. From the first to third trimester, you’ll only need to go from a hundred extra calories to three hundred.

Don'ts During Pregnancy:

  1. Stop smoking Babies conceived by smokers are more prone to being born lighter than normal and face a much higher risk of developing brain defects over the course of their childhood. On top of this, children whose mothers smoked during pregnancy are more likely to be smokers themselves owing to physiological nicotine addiction.
  2. Quit alcohol – Drinking can greatly stunt your baby’s foetal development. Those who drink regularly while being pregnant could deliver a baby with foetal alcohol syndrome (symptoms include low birth weight, learning disorders, behavioural issues). Even tiny and insignificant amounts of alcohol can cause great harm. There is no “safe” level of alcohol that can be consumed during pregnancy.
  3. Avoid processed meats – Don’t eat processed meats like salami, sausages as they may cause food related ailments like listeriosis and toxoplasmosis. Sliced meats offer way more surface area for bacteria to grow. You can make sure to consume well cooked meats, as cooking it eliminates bacteria.
  4. Avoid unpasteurised milk – As it simply has not been heated to kill bacteria and it can carry a bacterium called listeria, which can cause miscarriage or other fatal results. Calcium is very important for the mother and child, but should be consumed after pasteurising.
  5. Avoid hot tubs or saunas The heat can be harmful for pregnant mothers, as some research has shown that doing so in the first two trimesters almost doubles the risk of miscarriage. By doing so your body will heat up to levels that can harm the foetus.
  6. Avoid too much caffeine – It can pass through the placenta and raise your baby’s heart rate. One cup and maximum two cups of normal coffee are okay.

Dr. Shilpa Ghosh
Director & Senior Consultant
Obstetrics & Gynaecology

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