Paediatric Cardiac Surgery
Pediatric cardiac surgery is required whenever the child has got any heart ailment which is either by birth or acquired in life.
HOW WILL IT BE PERFORMED?
Any pediatric cardiac surgery is performed through the midline chest incision in the chest and sometimes from the side of the chest. Most of the procedures on heart lung support which stops the heart and the function of the heart and lung is taken over by the bypass machine.
HOW WILL IT BENEFIT ME?
To achieve the best results it is always best to bring the baby for medical assistance in time. Most of the time complete cure is achieved but it completely depends upon the problem and the risk involved but de initely improves the chances of survival as compared to no treatment. When it comes to complex cardiac problems pediatric surgery is done in diﬀerent stages of the child’s growth.
WHAT ARE THE CONSEQUENCES OF NON TREATMENT?
Non treatment can gradually lead to decline in the function of the heart and multiple complications can gradually lead to death.
WHAT ARE THE ALTERNATIVES AVAILABLE?
Almost always if needed it is only the opinion.
WHAT ARE THE RISKS/ COMPLICATIONS OF THE PROCEDURE?
Risk to life may vary from disease to disease and also depends on the age, time when he/ she comes for medical assistance, along with the general condition of the patient. It could be 1% or less in simple diseases where complete correction is possible and give complete cure to 7-10% in complex congenital heart problems where the aim could only be prolonging the survival and better quality of life. 1-2% risk of stroke, bleeding, prolonged ventilation, cognitive dysfunction, wound complications like wound infection.
- Closed heart surgeries such as PDA interception, BT shunt, Glenn shunt, Pulmonary artery banding, and Pacemaker implantations.
- Simple open heart surgeries such as ASD and VSD closure.
- Complex open heart surgeries like Intra-cardiac repairs, Arterial Switch Operation, Double Switch Operation, and Toff, etc.
- Valve repairs/replacements, and ROSS procedure.