Glaucoma is a group of eye conditions that damage the optic nerve, which is vital to good vision. This damage is often caused by an abnormally high pressure in your eye. Glaucoma is one of the leading causes of blindness. It can occur at any age but is more common in adults above 40 years of age.
The most common form of glaucoma has no warning signs. The damage is so gradual that you may not notice a change in vision until the condition is at an advanced stage.
Vision loss due to glaucoma can't be recovered. So, it's important to have regular eye exams that include measurements of your eye pressure. If glaucoma is recognized early, further vision loss can be slowed or prevented.
Elevated eye pressure is due to a build-up of a fluid that flows throughout your eye. This fluid normally drains into the front of the eye (anterior chamber) through tissue at the angle where the iris and cornea meet. When fluid is overproduced or the drainage system Does not work properly, the fluid can't flow out at its normal rate and pressure builds up. Glaucoma tends to run in families.
The types of glaucoma include the following:
The symptoms of glaucoma vary depending on the type and stage of your condition.
Acute angle-closure glaucoma
You may experience the following episodes with varying severity:
If left untreated, glaucoma will rapidly cause blindness. Even with treatment, about 15 percent of people with glaucoma become blind in at least one eye within 20 years.
Your doctor will review your medical history and conduct a comprehensive eye examination. Several tests may be conducted, including:
The damage caused by glaucoma can not be reversed. But treatment and regular check-ups can help slow or prevent vision loss. We can ensure that your vision is maintained at the level you come to us with. The goal of glaucoma treatment is to lower pressure in your eye. Various treatment methods may be adopted like: