Bariatric Surgery

Osteoporosis in Ortho


The term "osteoporosis" means "porous bone." It's a bone-weakening illness that puts you at a higher risk for unexpected bone fractures if you have it. Osteoporosis is defined as a loss of bone mass and strength. The disease frequently progresses without causing any signs or discomfort, and it isn't detected until the weakening bones result in severe fractures. The majority of these are hip, wrist, and spine fractures.

Bone is a living tissue that breaks down and replaces itself on a regular basis. When the formation of new bone does not keep up with the loss of old bone, osteoporosis develops.

Men and women of all races are susceptible to osteoporosis. However, white and Asian women, post menopause, are the most vulnerable. Medications, a good diet, and weight-bearing exercise can all assist to prevent or strengthen bone loss.

What are the causes and risk factors of Osteoporosis?

Many factors, such as age, race, lifestyle, and health, can increase the risk of osteoporosis. Postmenopausal women are at risk of developing osteoporosis. Estrogen (female hormone) usually helps maintain bone mass. After menopause, estrogen levels drop. The specific conditions listed below can also lead to osteoporosis.

  • People with kidney, liver, or lung disease, or those with long-term problems with the immune system, nervous system, or other organs may suffer from osteoporosis
  • Hormonal problems
  • Cancer patients

Aside from that, various drugs have been linked to osteoporosis. Steroids and epilepsy medications are among the medications available.

Some risk factors of osteoporosis are uncontrollable and cannot be changed. Sex, race, and a family history of osteoporosis are all factors to consider. Some lifestyle choices, such as those listed below, can help minimise the risk of osteoporosis: -

  • A diet lacking in calcium and vitamin D
  • Excessive dieting
  • An inactive lifestyle
  • Heavy alcohol use
  • Tobacco
  • Smoking

What are the signs and symptoms of Osteoporosis?

In the early stages of bone loss, there are generally no symptoms. Until they have a fracture, most people appear to be normal. However, if your bones become weakened as a result of osteoporosis, you may experience the following signs and symptoms:-

  1. Fractured spine causing back pain
  2. A loss of height
  3. A bent appearance

Treatment for Osteoporosis:

There are medications that can treat osteoporosis and lower the risk of fractures. These medications come in a variety of forms. Osteoporosis medications can be taken as tablets or as injections once a year, twice a year, or daily. Before recommending medications, your doctor will consider your osteoporosis history as well as your overall health.

Non- surgical treatment includes:

  • Biphosphonates
  • Hormonal Therapy
  • Calcium and Vitamin D
  • Adopt a healthy lifestyle
  • Pharmacologic agents are used.
  • Teriparatide
  • Raloxifene,
  • Salmon Calcitonin

Surgical treatment includes:

  • Kyphoplasty - This is a surgery for vertebral augmentation. This procedure is used to treat vertebral compression fractures. It entails injecting bone cement into a fractured vertebra through a small skin incision. The goal is to alleviate the back pain caused by the fracture.
  • Surgery for femoral neck fractures – These are the types of hip fracture. Occur where femur fits into hip joint. Depending on the severity of your femoral neck fracture, you may require:
    1. Metal screws: Also known as internal fixation, your surgeon may insert metal screws into the bone to stabilise it while the fracture heals.
    2. Hemiarthroplasty: Your surgeon may choose to replace the femoral head and neck with metal instrumentation.
    3. Hip replacement: After removing the upper part of your femur and pelvic bone socket, your surgeon may implant prosthesis.
  • Distal radius fracture treatment: The radius is the larger of the two bones that make up the forearm. The distal end is the end closest to the wrist. A distal radius fracture occurs when the area of the radius near the wrist breaks. Treatment options include Closed Reduction and Casting, Pins and Plaster technique, Open Reduction & Internal Fixation (ORIF), and External Fixation. The treatment chosen is determined by the fracture's condition.

Our expertise for osteoporosis management:

Aakash Healthcare Dwarka in Delhi provides comprehensive care for a variety of orthopaedic conditions, including knee, hip, and joint issues. It is regarded as the best orthopaedic hospital in Delhi, and it offers a wide range of services, including sports medicine, paediatric orthopaedic services, arthritis diagnosis, treatment, and pain management. The centre also has a digital orthopaedic operating suite. Our orthopaedic specialists are experts in joint replacement surgery, particularly robotic-arm assisted knee replacement surgery, hip replacement surgery, shoulder surgery, and sports-related injuries. The team also treats a variety of complex and common orthopaedic diseases

When it comes to osteoporosis, the doctors at Aakash Healthcare Dwarka in Delhi are well-versed. In terms of investigation, we have a wide range of investigative tools available to help us detect osteoporosis early. In terms of treatment, we have all of the most up-to-date techniques and equipment to treat all types of osteoporotic fractures (including Vertebroplasty & Kyphoplasty). Furthermore, the joint implants are planned pre-operatively for perfect size and positioning based on the patient's anatomy, thereby protecting the patients.

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