Heart valve surgery is a treatment for heart valve disease. Heart valve disease occurs when at least one of the four heart valves fails to function properly. The valves of the heart maintain blood flowing in the appropriate direction through the heart.
Our heart has four valves - mitral valve, tricuspid valve, pulmonary valve, and aortic valve. Each valve has flaps known as leaflets for the mitral and tricuspid valves and cusps for the aortic and pulmonary valves. These flaps should open and close once per pulse. When valves do not open or seal properly, blood flow through the heart to the body is disturbed.
A surgeon performs heart valve surgery to repair or replace a damaged or diseased heart valve or valves. Many surgical approaches, including open-heart surgery and minimally invasive heart surgery, can be used to repair or replace heart valves.
A number of factors, including your age, health, and the type and severity of heart valve disease, decide the type of heart valve surgery you'll need.
Some of the symptoms of Valvular Heart disease include chest pain, breathlessness, weakness, lightheadedness, swelling in feet, hands, or in abdomen, and dizziness