Obesity is a complicated disease that involves an excessive amount of body fat. It is defined by BMI (Body Mass Index). It is a medical problem that will increase your chance of different diseases and health problems along with heart disorder, diabetes, excessive blood pressure, and certain cancers. A healthy weight or Body Mass Index (BMI) is a crucial element of good health. How much you consume and what you consume play a vital role in maintaining a healthy weight or losing weight. Exercise is the alternative key factor. For years, low-fat diets were considered to be the best way to shed pounds. A growing body of evidence suggests that low-fat diets regularly do not work, because these diets frequently replace fat with easily digested carbohydrates. Hundreds of diets have been created, out of which many have been promising speedy and everlasting weight reduction. The truth is, almost any weight loss plan will work if it enables you in taking fewer calories. Diets do that in two main methods:
- Getting you to eat good meals and/or avoid "terrible" ones
- Converting the way you behave and the methods you think or feel about food.
A healthy diet for losing weight is ideal for all parts of your body, and not just only for your waistline.
Dietary changes to treat obesity:
- Numerous servings of fruits and vegetables
- Grain slices of bread and cereals
- Healthy fats from nuts, seeds, and olive oil
- lean protein from fowl, fish, and beans
- Limited amounts of beef
- Moderate wine intake with meals (no greater than glasses a day for men; no multiple a day for women)
- Avoid sugary drinks, snacks, and processed foods
Lifestyle to maintain Healthy weight
- Maintain your refrigerator stocked with fruits, vegetables, and healthy snacks
- Increase your water intake
- Use small plate
- Eat slowly
- Ensure you are getting enough sleep
- Park your vehicle far away from the entrance of a building so that you have to walk a bit to get into it
- Use the stairs instead of the elevator
- Stay away from restaurant food.
- Eat excessive fiber meals
- Start your day with a wholesome, excessive-protein breakfast, like eggs instead of cereal
What is the Normal BMI (Body Mass Index) range?
BMI Weight status
18.5 – 23.5 Normal weight
23.5 – 27.5 pre-obesity or overweight
27.5 – 37.5 class I obesity (obese)
>37.5 class II obesity (morbidly obese)
>40 class III obesity (super obese)
What are the causes of Obesity?
- Unhealthy diet
- Inactive lifestyle
- Underlying diseases
- Psychological factors
Common obesity related Complications:
- Heart diseases
- Certain type of cancer
- Sleep apnea
- Osteoarthritis/joint pain
- Digestive problem
What are the types of Bariatric/Weight loss surgery?
- Sleeve Gastrectomy
- Mini gastric bypass procedure
- Gastric bypass
Instructions for preparing for Bariatric (Weight Loss) surgery:
- It is recommended that you avoid alcohol and smoke during the pre- and post-operative time.
- Any recommended medications should be taken according to your surgeon's instructions.
- Follow your surgeon's instructions for any important tests that are required prior to surgery.
- To avoid the danger of aspiration on the day of surgery, start the procedure on an empty stomach.
- After all of the pre-operative investigations, including the pre-anaesthesia check, have been completed and clearance has been obtained, patients are normally admitted one day before to surgery