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Spondylitis is caused by an inflammatory condition of the joint, which leads to arthritis.It is one of the most common causes of back and neck pain and is caused by an inflammation of the vertebral joints. The problem with detecting the condition is that it develops silently and only becomes apparent once it has fully developed. Spondylitis pain is typically concentrated in the cervical region of the neck, shoulder, and lower spine, with instances and stings of pain spreading further downwards.

Spondylitis is technically a type of arthritis and is common, but usually not serious. Many people who have it do not feel any pain, though it can be painful for some. The majority of patients with spinal osteoarthritis do not require surgery but if the condition worsens and is not cured by medication and physical exercises, surgical intervention may require. The types of Spondylitis are given below:

  • Ankylosing Spondylitis - Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a rare form of arthritis that causes back pain and stiffness. This chronic condition, also known as Bechterew disease, typically begins in the lower back. It has the potential to spread to your neck or damage joints in other parts of your body.
  • Cervical Spondylitis - Cervical spondylosis is the natural deterioration of your neck's cartilage, discs, ligaments, and bones. The most common symptoms are neck pain or stiffness. Physical therapy, ice, heat, massage, a soft collar, and drugs are the first approaches to be tried. Injections or surgery are used to treat more severe cases, such as a herniated disc, bone spurs, or pinched nerves.
  • Lumbar Spondylitis - Normal wear and tear of the lumbar (lower back) spinal discs is referred to as lumbar spondylosis. Spinal discs lose moisture and shrink as we age, bone spurs form, and bones become weaker. While many people over the age of 50 have mild lumbar spondylosis, the majority have no symptoms.

Symptoms of Spondylitis :

  • Soreness in back
  • Severe pain and stiffness in the lower back
  • Tingling sensations

Treatment for Spondylitis:

A comprehensive treatment plan includes medication and exercise to help maintain a normal upright posture and spinal mobility, reducing the impact of hip and other joint manifestations and pain and stiffness.

A comprehensive treatment plan will include the following:


Stretching and spinal exercises can improve mobility and posture while minimising long-term effects.

Medications for Spondylitis: Your doctor will recommend the best medication option for you, which will usually differ from case to case. The medication categories are as follows:

  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Corticosteroid
  • Tumor necrosis factor inhibitors( TNF)


When a joint has been severely damaged, total hip, shoulder, or knee replacement are options for restoring mobility. Since the advent of magnetic resonance imaging, corrective spinal surgery has become a safer option, and it may be required if your spine fuses into a severely bent position.

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