Our team of retinal services is trained from the prestigious AIIMS provide a complete solutions for all retinal conditions. We are equipped with the latest technology including OCT, FFA, Retinal laser, vitrectomy etc.
Our retina doctors treat conditions including
Age related macular degeneration
Retinal vessel blockage (vascular occlusions)
Retinal detachment (surgery)
ROP screening and laser
What is Diabetic retinopathy?
Diabetic retinopathy is a long term complication of diabetes that affects the eyes. It's caused by damage to the blood vessels of the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye (retina).
At first, diabetic retinopathy may cause no symptoms or only mild vision problems. Eventually, it can cause blindness. The condition can develop in anyone who has type 1 or type 2 diabetes. The longer you have diabetes and the less controlled your blood sugar is, the more likely you are to develop this eye condition.
Over time, too much sugar in your blood can lead to the blockage of the tiny blood vessels that nourish the retina, cutting off its blood supply. As a result, the eye attempts to grow new blood vessels to supply nutrients. But these new blood vessels are weak and can leak or rupture easily.
There are two types of diabetic retinopathy:
One might not have any symptoms in the early stages. As the condition progresses, symptoms include:
Diabetic retinopathy usually affects both eyes, but one can be affected more than the other.
Diabetic retinopathy is best diagnosed with a dilated retinal exam. For this, drops placed in your eyes dilate your pupils to allow your doctor to better view inside your eyes. The drops may cause your vision to blur until they wear off, several hours later.
During the exam, your eye doctor will look for:
Equipment used for diagnosis and staging include:
Treatment depends largely on the type of diabetic retinopathy you have and how severe it is.
Early diabetic retinopathy: If you have mild or moderate (early) diabetic retinopathy, you may not need treatment right away. However, your eye doctor will closely monitor your eyes to determine when you might need treatment. Tight control of blood sugars over a prolonged period goes a long way in slowing down progression. Typically the effect of sugar control over the last two years determines the presence and severity of the condition.
Advanced diabetic retinopathy: If you have proliferative diabetic retinopathy you will need prompt laser or surgical treatment. Depending on the specific problems with your retina, options may include:
Anyone who has diabetes can develop diabetic retinopathy. Risk increase as a result of:
Pearls to manage diabetic retinopathy