Exercise and diet alone often fail to treat people with extreme and excessive obesity effectively. Bariatric surgery is performed to help such individuals lose weight. Bariatric surgery aims to restrict food intake due to hormonal effects and decrease the absorption of food in the stomach and intestines. A reduction in the amount of calory absorbed enables patients to lose weight and reduce obesity-related health risks. Evidence suggests that bariatric surgery may lower death rates for patients with severe obesity, especially when coupled with healthy eating and lifestyle after surgery.
Various types of bariatric surgeries can be performed. Nowadays, most bariatric surgeries are laparoscopic because compared with open surgery, it requires less extensive cuts, causes relatively minimal tissue damage, leads to fewer post-operative complications, and allows early hospital discharge.
Three types of operations are: -
Bariatric surgery is not for everyone who is severely overweight. You may need to meet some medical guidelines to qualify for weight-loss surgery. These include:
Bariatric surgery includes potential health risks, both in the short term and long term.
-Common risks associated with the surgical procedure can include:
It depends on your specific situation. Your surgeon will take many factors into account, including body mass index, eating habits, other health issues, previous surgeries, and the risks involved with each procedure.
After surgery, you generally won't be allowed to eat for one to two days, so that your stomach and digestive system can heal. Then, you'll follow a specific diet for a few weeks. The diet begins with liquids only, then progresses to pure, soft foods, and eventually to regular foods. You may have many restrictions or limits on how much and what you can eat and drink.
Bariatric surgeries can provide long-term weight loss. The amount of weight you lose depends on your type of surgery and your change in lifestyle habits. It may be possible to lose half, or even more, of your excess fat within 3-6months. In addition to weight loss, Bariatric surgery may improve or resolve conditions often related to being overweight, including: