Asthma is a chronic disease that makes breathing harder. The airways become swollen due to inflammation. This causes several symptoms like cough, chest tightness, wheezing and shortness of breath.
Many things can trigger asthma symptoms, e.g. physical activities, cold air, certain medicines and air pollutants, etc. Avoiding them can help you manage asthma. But one thing is hard to avoid, i.e., air pollution, especially if you live in metropolitan cities.
You’ll be shocked that out of the world’s 30 most polluted cities, 21 are from India. In these cities, the concentration of particulate matter in the air is far higher than WHO’s (World Health Organization) guidelines.
Particulate matter refers to solid or liquid droplets that can be easily inhaled and cause serious medical conditions like asthma. Industrial emissions, vehicle pollution and stubble burning are some of the common contributors to air pollution in India. But how does it flare up asthma symptoms and asthma attacks?
Air with a high concentration of particulate matter can irritate and inflame the airways. This makes breathing harder, especially for asthma patients.
Primarily, three things are responsible for this - ozone, nitrogen oxide and airborne particles.
Fortunately, there are ways to keep yourself protected:
Air pollution is one of the common triggers of asthma. People with this disease should be more cautious of it. They should always keep a watch on the air pollution in their nearby areas and take all the necessary measures to keep themselves protected. If you often get in problematic situations due to air pollution, you should talk to your doctor.
Also, Read: Asthma Care in Winter: Dos & Don'ts